Most Common Symptoms of PCOS

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a complex hormonal disorder that affects many individuals, primarily those in their reproductive years.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a prevalent endocrine disorder that affects individuals with ovaries, typically during their reproductive years.


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One of the hallmark PCOS symptoms during pregnancy is irregular menstrual cycles. Menstrual irregularities can manifest as infrequent, prolonged, or absent periods.

Irregular Menstrual Cycles

PCOS often leads to anovulation, where eggs are not released regularly from the ovaries. This can contribute to infertility, as ovulation is essential for conception.

Ovulatory Dysfunction

Elevated levels of androgens such as testosterone are a common feature of PCOS. This can lead to various effects of PCOS on pregnancy including excess facial and body hair (hirsutism), acne, and male-pattern baldness (alopecia).

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Insulin resistance is often present in individuals with PCOS. This condition impairs the body’s ability to utilize insulin efficiently, leading to increased insulin production.

Insulin Resistance

Weight gain and obesity are prevalent among individuals with PCOS. Excess adipose tissue contributes to insulin resistance, which can worsen hormonal imbalances.

Weight Fluctuations and Obesity

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PCOS often manifests as skin problems. Alongside acne and hirsutism, individuals may experience the most common symptoms of PCOS like skin darkening (acanthosis nigricans) in body folds, such as the neck and armpits.

Skin Issues

Hormonal fluctuations, body image concerns, and the psychological impact of dealing with PCOS symptoms during pregnancy can contribute to mood disorders, including anxiety and depression.

Mood Disorders

The combination of irregular ovulation and hormonal imbalances can make conception difficult for individuals with PCOS.

Fertility Challenges

Insulin resistance and obesity increase the risk of metabolic complications among individuals with PCOS. These complications include type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia.

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Metabolic Complications

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PCOS is not limited to reproductive years; its effects can extend into later life. Women with a history of PCOS have increased effects of PCOS on pregnancy like cardiovascular disease, endometrial hyperplasia, and certain cancers.

Long-Term Health Implications


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